Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
EIA is a formal process used to predict and assess the environmental consequences of a development project. The purpose is:
- To support the goals of environmental protection and sustainable development.
- To integrate environmental protection and economic decisions at the earliest stages of planning.
- To mitigate adverse impacts resulting from the proposed activites.
- To provide for involvement of the public, government and government agencies in the review of the proposed activities.
Water Audit study is a qualitative and quantitative analysis of water consumption to identify the means of reuse and recycling of water. It not only promotes water conservation and delivers cost savings, but also helps companies safeguard public health & property, improve external relations and reduce legal liability. The Government of India has recognised this as a necessary process and is currently finalising guidelines. The Central Water Commission and Central Ground Water Board have also suggested formulation of Water Audit Cells in all states.